Distinguished professors and teachers, ladies and gentlemen, thank you for attending the oral defense. (或Welcome to attend the oral defense.) :
I am Li ying . First and foremost, I want to express my sincere thanks to my tutor, Su-fang huang , for his intellectual guidance, invaluable instructions and comments on my thesis. It is with his valuable assistance that I have finally accomplished this thesis.
My topic is 《lost and reconstruction of ethnic identity -- from post-colonial perspective analysis novel the round house》.
The thesis consists of four chapters.
Chapter one serves as an introduction to Louise Edrich and her novel The Round House.It also gives an overview of her writings, achievements, and literary status. Then it mainly discusses the popular issue of identity construction that is well presented in Erdrich's novel The Round House,and the significance of an interpretation of the novel from the perspective of post-colonialism. The chapter also aims to bring out the objective of the research.
Chapter two has three parts. The first part provides literature reviews of Louise Erich'sworks from historical perspective, political perspective and narrative perspective respectively.The second part is the theoretical framework,introducing the development and mainframe of post-colonialism and with a focus on subaltern,hybridity and otherness. The third part illustrates the feasibility to study The Round House from the perspective of postcolonialism.
Chapter three,the central part of the thesis, analyzes the loss and reconstruction of native people's ethnic identity from three aspects. The first aspect is the gender identity.Under the white oppression, the native women suffer a lot both physically andpsychologically. The strong-willed native women use their own strength and efforts to confront the adversities,and realize the reconstruction of gender identity for their nation. The econd aspect is the religious identity. With the spreading of Christianity, native people are forced to discard their traditional ritual way. People nearly forget their traditional myths,which is a threat leading to the extinction of native culture. In the novel,old grandpa Mooshum uses his special way to pass the tribe tradition and myths to Joe. The tradition helps Joe to conduct justice. Contrary to the teachings from Catholicism, Joe kills the rapist with the help of Cappy and realizes their race's religious identity. The third aspect is racial identity. Due to the unfair and tangled law in the reservation given by American government out of discrimination and exploitation,Geraldine's attacker is away from punishment. Justice is being disgraced. On the one hand, Bazil Coutts,as a judge, constantly makes efforts on theway to justice in the judicial affairs in his own way. On the other hand, the round house becomes a symbol which supports Native people to keep on. This is one way for them to realize the racial identity for their nation.
Chapter four is the conclusion that with community love, native people can construct their identity and reclaim their subjectivity through the hybridity of both cultures. This chapter also discusses the limitations and the possible direction for further study on Louise Erdrich and her works.
但过于如此，就会被人看作拘泥刻板保守，略为弯腰有度，稍稍欠身可表示谦虚礼貌。孙中山先生曾说过“其所具风度姿态，即使全场有肃然起敬之心，举动格式又须使听者有安静详和之气”他的这番金玉良言，对我们确实有很大的.启发。 在听取教师提问时所要掌握的技巧要领是： 1、沉着冷静，边听边记 2、精神集中，认真思考 3、既要自信，又要虚心 4、实事求是，绝不勉强 5、听准听清，听懂听明
在回答问题时，所要掌握的技巧是，构思时要求每个问题所要答的“中心”“症结”“关健”在哪里?从哪一个角度去回答问题最好?应举什么例子来证明?回答问题的内容实质上是一段有组织的“口头作文”，这就要： 1、文章应有论点、论据 2、有开头主体与结尾 3、有条理、有层次4、应用词确当，语言流畅 5、应口齿清楚、语速适度