狄更斯笔下的善与恶:试析《雾都孤儿》中的典型人物

时间:2017-10-02 编辑: 手机版
毕业论文

Good and Evil Described by Dickens: An Analysis of Typical Characters in Oliver Twist

Abstract

Charles Dickens is the greatest representative of English critical realism in the nineteenth century. One of Dickens’ favorite novels Oliver Twist is known all over the world for the well-portrayed characters. In Oliver Twist, dozens of characters are well portrayed, including good and evil. This thesis analyzes some of the typical characters in the novel. First, the child hero of the novel, Oliver Twist, is good incarnation described by Dickens; Oliver possess many precious characteristics. Second, Fagin and Sikes’ evil exposes completely and arouses readers antipathy and wrath. Finally, the complex poor character, Nancy, has conflicts between her inner conscience and her devotion to Sikes. Ultimately, she risks her life to help Oliver, which commits one of the most noble acts of kindness in the story. So the conclusion draws that Dickens believes that most people were good at heart, but at times, their good impulses could be distorted by terrible environments.

Key Words:  Charles Dickens; Oliver Twist; goodness; nature; evil; ferocity

摘 要

查尔斯•狄更斯是19世纪英国伟大的批判现实主义作家。《雾都孤儿》是狄更斯最喜欢的作品之1,也由于作者对小说人物的成功刻画而闻名遐迩。在《雾都孤儿》中,许多的人物被成功的塑造,包括善良的和邪恶的。这篇论文分析了小说中的1些典型人物。首先,是儿童主人公奥利佛尔•特维斯特是狄更斯笔下善良的化身,他拥有许多难能可贵的性格特征。其次,费金和塞克斯罪恶形象的充分暴露引起了读者的反感和憎恶。最后,可怜而又性格复杂的南茜陷入良心的发现和对爱人忠诚的两难境地。最终,她冒着生命危险帮助奥利佛尔是小说中最崇高的善行之1。通过对《雾都孤儿》典型人物的分析,可以得出这样的结论:狄更斯相信大多数人的内心是善良的,但有时,1些人的善念也许会因糟糕的外界环境而扭曲。

关键词:查尔斯•狄更斯、奥利佛尔•特维斯特、善良、本性、罪恶、凶残

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