The civil action reconciliation is a series of activities which occurs in the proceedings, both parties litigant settle agreement under judges participation after the consultation and the concessions to end lawsuit. It is a basic system of civil litigation under the modern market economy that manifested the rational reconsidering of “the decision center pattern” trial idea and the request of “the consultation, the negotiation” trial pattern, and it also has great significance for settling disputes timely and reducing tired. Many Countries has made exhaustive stipulation for the civil litigant reconciliation system. However, until now, there is no clear-cut system of litigant reconciliation in our legislation, affected this system’s supposed function. Therefore, definite the time, the way, the potency and the defect relief of Litigation reconciliation is extremely important.