Civil public welfare lawsuit(CPWL) originates from Roman law which has a long history, now many country have set up the civil public welfare lawsuit system，this system has a positive significance in protecting national interest and social benefit. As market economy system gradually establishment and be improved, the civil public welfare lawsuit has become a hot topic of the wolrd of civil action theory and judicature , but the problem of who can start up civil public welfare lawsuit, what is the applicable scope, and the problem of the unique principle has not formed a unified view. Procurators, individuals, and other organizations can start up civil public welfare lawsuit, the scope must be restricted in the aspect of national interest, public interest, social custom civil case, and must establish the principle of abide to morality social order, the principle of civic disposition with governmental intervention , primacy of administrative jurisdiction , and the principle of rewarding the citizen to start up lawsuit with limiting the citizen to use their rights incorrectly .
Key words: Civil public welfare lawsuit; basis of civil public welfare lawsuit;
commencement of subject; unique principle