关于诉权若干问题的思考

时间:2017-08-08 法律毕业论文 我要投稿

摘 要

  诉权是由诉的法律制度所确定的、赋予当事人进行诉讼、请求法院依法行使审判权解决纠纷和保护权益的公民的基本权利。诉权的内涵具有双重性即程序内涵和实体内涵,所谓诉权的程序涵义即在程序上请求法院行使审判权,这种意义上的诉权的行使旨在启动诉讼程序和从程序上请求法院行使审判权,具有将民事纠纷或争议引导到民事诉讼中的程序功能。实体涵义是指保护民事权益和解决民事纠纷的请求,是审判权保护的核心对象,2者是手段和目的的关系,并相辅相成共同构成诉权的完整内涵。1个国家的历史传统、文化、公民的心理、生活方式以及法律制度(包括诉讼制度)都是影响和阻碍诉权正常行使以及侵害诉权的原因。因此,法律缺乏可诉性不利于诉权的保护和行使,仅从诉权的角度来说,我国立法上应当增添和充实宪法和民事实体法等法律的可诉性。诉讼的公正和经济、完善现行民事诉讼的相关内容,并添加合理规定,是让公民接受司法、信任诉讼的重要途径。

关键词:诉权;民事诉权;民事诉权保护;非法行使民事诉权的规制


Abstract

Tell power from what law system make sure told, give the party concerned to carry on litigation, request a court to exercise the basic right of the citizen that the judicature solves dispute and protection rights by law.The content which tells power has dual namely procedure content and entity content, so-called tell the procedure connotation of power to request a court to exercise judicature on the procedure, this kind of telling of meaning power exercises an aim Be starting litigation procedure to exercise judicature with court from the procedure claim, have to guide civil case dispute or controversy to the procedure function of civil case in court.The entity connotation means protection civil case the rights reach agreement the claim of civil case dispute definitely, is the judicature protective core object, twos are the means relationship with purposes, and complement each other together the composing tell the complete content of powerAll of the mental state, life style and law systems(include litigation system) of[with] history tradition, culture, citizen of a nation are the reason that influence and bar tell power to exercise and violate to tell power normally Therefore, the law lacks can tell sex disadvantage in tell power of protect and exercise, only from told the angle of power to say, our country the top of the lawmaking should increase with enrichment the laws such as constitution and civil case entity method etc. can tell sex Litigation of fair and economy, the related contents of perfect and current civil case in court, and increase reasonable provision, is let the citizen accept judicatory, trust litigation of important path.
Key words: The right of action ; The right of civil action ; Protection of the right of civil action; restriction of the right of civil action
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