毕业论文引用及参考文献格式

时间:2017-05-25 11:14:49 参考文献 我要投稿

毕业论文引用及参考文献格式

  参考文献的引用是否科学、合理和充分,是判断一篇学术论文学术水平的重要指标,下面是小编搜集整理的论文参考文献引用格式及说明,供大家阅读查看。

毕业论文引用及参考文献格式

  为了便于大家熟悉引用及参考文献格式,我们假设在下面论文中会引用到四大天王刘德华、张学友、黎明、郭富城的著作或文章内容如下(纯属虚构)。

  刘德华:“随着改革开放的推进以及全球化步伐的加快,中国已经超越日本成文世界第二大经济体,且10年内有望成为第一大经济体。”(引自《中国经济展望》,南阳世纪龙出版社,2016年,第99页。)

  张学友:“随着中国经济发展取得耀眼成功,中国尤其是南阳在英语教育领域所取得的'成绩丝毫不逊色。” (引自“南阳英语教育:历史、现状与未来”《南阳万德隆大学学报》,2016年,20卷第3期,第99-100页。)

  黎明:“英语几乎贯穿于各个级别的教育,从小学直至大学,说它关系每一个中国学生毫不为过。” (引自《变化中的英语教育:英语在中国教育体系中的地位》,许文虎译,南阳卧龙岗出版社, 2019,第250页。)

  郭富城:“南阳师范学院已向社会输送数万名双语人才,很多毕业生奋斗在促进南阳和外界合作与交流的第一线;因此,荣誉属于所有为促进南阳英语教育而辛勤耕耘的英语老师们,没有他们的辛劳,以上成绩难以为继。” (引自“南阳英语教育的成就”,南阳万德隆大学硕士论文,2016年,第10-12页。)

  格式一:直接引用型(带双引号,必须注明[序号: 页码],标注于作者姓之后或引用原话之后皆可)

  1. Introduction

  1.1 Background of the Present Study

  English Language Education

  1.1.1.1 English Language Education in Nanyang

  “With the furtherance of China’s reform and opening-up and with globalization quickening its pace, China has overtaken Japan as the second largest economy in the world and is en route to becoming the largest one in about a decade”, says Liu [1: 99](均位于句号以内). Meanwhile, as Zhang observes, “In parallel with the glittering success of China’s economic boom, the development of English language education in China, especially that in Nanyang, is no less impressive” [2: 99-100]. It is fitting and proper to say that “English is of close concern to every Chinese student given its omnipresence at virtually all levels of Chinese education ranging from primary schools all the way to universities” [3: 250]. Since the inception of English education in Nanyang Normal University, “thousands of bilingual talents have been churned out thus far, many of whom have been playing an active role in the forefront of enhancing exchanges and cooperation between Nanyang and the rest of the world using English as the main communicative tool, and therefore in this sense, credit should be given ad hoc to all the English teachers for their painstaking efforts in promoting English education in Nanyang, without whose toil and moil the above-mentioned achievements would have been barely possible” [4: 10-12]. (Authored by Xu Wenhu and not intended for any reproduction or distribution! For reference only…)

  格式二:间接引用型(不带双引号,即将所引用原句用自己的话paraphrase或recapitulate,此时页码为可选项,[序号]标注于作者姓之后或引用原话之后皆可)

  1. Introduction

  1.2 Background of the Present Study

  English Language Education

  1.1.1.1 English Language Education in Nanyang

  With the furtherance of China’s reform and opening-up and with globalization quickening its pace, China has overtaken Japan as the second largest economy in the world and is en route to becoming the largest one in about a decade, says Liu [1]. Meanwhile, as Zhang [2: 99-100] observes, in parallel with the glittering success of China’s economic boom, the development of English language education in China,

  especially that in Nanyang, is no less impressive. It is fitting and proper to say that English is of close concern to every Chinese student given its omnipresence at virtually all levels of Chinese education ranging from primary schools all the way to universities [3]. Since the inception of English education in Nanyang Normal University, thousands of bilingual talents have been churned out thus far, many of whom have been playing an active role in the forefront of enhancing exchanges and cooperation between Nanyang and the rest of the world using English as the main communicative tool, and therefore in this sense, credit should be given ad hoc to all the English teachers for their painstaking efforts in promoting English education in Nanyang, without whose toil and moil the above-mentioned achievements would have been barely possible [4: 10-12]. (Authored by Xu Wenhu and not intended for any reproduction or distribution! For reference only…)

  Bibliography

  为方便大家比较,这里列出英、汉语两种版本参考文献格式(注意:这里的序号必须与上文中出现的引用顺序精确对应):

  [1] 刘德华. 中国经济展望[M]. 南阳: 南阳世纪龙出版社, 2016.

  Liu, D. H. The Prospect of China’s Economic Development [M]. Nanyang: Nanyang Century Dragon Press, 2016.

  [2] 张学友. 南阳英语教育:历史、现状与未来[J]. 南阳万德隆大学学报, 2016,20(3): 99-100.

  Zhang, X. Y. English Education in Nanyang: Past, Present and Future [J].

  Journal of Nanyang Wandron University, 2016, 20(3): 99-100.

  [3] 黎明. 变化中的英语教育:英语在中国教育体系中的地位[M]. 许文虎译.南阳: 卧龙岗出版社, 2019.

  Li, M. Changing English Education: The Role of English in China’s Educational System [M]. Trans. by W. H. Xu. Nanyang: Wolonggang Publishing House, 2019.

  [4] 郭富城. 南阳英语教育的成就[D]. 南阳万德隆大学硕士论文, 2016.

  Guo F. C. On the Achievements of English Education in Nanyang [D]. MA thesis, Nanyang Wandron University, 2016.

  【[1]为专著写法;[2]为期刊文章写法;[3]为译著写法;[4]为硕博论文写法】

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